I have a few notes for you for the the Communication Arts Festival happening THIS Sunday!
You may bring snacks and drinks, we just need to clean up after ourselves. Bring EVERYTHING you will need for your speech. We will have a projector and a few tabletop easels there, but I don’t have a cd player on my computer. We MIGHT have internet, but it is not reliable. If you need to use the projector, you should bring your presentation on a USB device.
WHERE: Fen Oak Court 4H Office
WHEN: Sunday, March 1, 12:45–check in, Start at 1:00. We SHOULD be done by 3:30.
WHO: This is the list of all who registered and their speeches:
If you are performing in 2 different rooms, just start in the room where you are closer to the top of the list. You will not be penalized for being late for your other speech!
You will be the last group in Room 2. You can pick your topic and write your notes about 30 minutes beofre you are to speak. If you have another speech before your extemporaneous speech, do that first, then come prepare.
Here are some good hints about speeches from Wikipedia:
The structure of successful Extemporaneous Speeches follows the same basic pattern. Speeches have an introduction, 3 or occasionally 2 points, and a conclusion.
- Attention Getter – A device used to get the attention of an audience. Some examples include quotations, statistics, history, narratives, political cartoons, anecdotes, and pop culture references. A typical attention getting device (sometimes referred to as an AGD) seeks to set the tone for an extemporaneous speech and acquaint the audiences with the particular style of the speaker.
- Link – A logical connective between the Attention Getter and the topic of the speech, like how the Godfather applies to United States foreign policy. Links can be abstract (connecting the attention getter to the topic using a one word comparison that usually employs ‘like’ or ‘as’) or concrete (making multiple connections between the attention getter to the topic).
- Background – A section that includes basic information about the subject, so the judge understands the context the question is asked in.
- Credibility Statement/Source – A credible source to provide information about the subject. Most effective introductions contain at least one, but often two sources. Sources are used to build credibility in the speaker and provide a connective from the topic area to the exact wording of the question. Sources can be used in the background area of an introduction or to justify the statement of significance.
- Significance Statement – A sentence justifying the importance and relevance of the chosen topic. The significant statement is often phrased as a preface to the question, like “and because Mexico’s drug war affects both Americans’ security and the U.S. economy, it is important to ask the question…” This sentence can occasionally be ignored if the importance of the question is obvious.
- Question – A word-for-word recitation of the question (topic) that is selected by the speaker (e.g. “Is the United States doing enough to combat Islamic militancy in North Africa?”)
- Definition – A definition of any vague words in the question that are critical to the argument of the speech (e.g. “militancy”)
- Answer – An answer to the question. The answer can either be a close ended answer, like “yes” or “no,” or be an answer to an open-ended question. Additionally, many answers to even close ended questions contain a thesis, or an overarching reason why the answer to the question is true.
- Preview – A preview of the body areas of the speech. Each point should be a short declarative sentence. (“First, Brazil’s economic performance will outweigh the alleged corruption.”)
The body generally consists of three points, on occasion two. Individual point structures vary more than introduction or conclusion structures, but generally contain similar content. An example of an Extemporaneous point commonly used in high levels of competition goes as follows:
- Transition – A logical connective between points, the introduction, and the conclusion. These links can either be based on a reference to the Attention Getter, or a logical link.
- Tag-line or Claim – A short, simple tag-line for the area of analysis.
- Sources – Two to three sources used at the beginning of a point. Sources are generally cited as the source name and full date, including the month, day, and year. Next, the source includes a short summary of the fact or argument presented in the source.
- Analysis – The logical link from the sources to the impact of the point. Analysis should be unique, and created by the speaker. Judges generally prefer original analysis as opposed to a literature review.
- Impact – The impact to the question. The impact is generally a link from the logical links and evidence earlier in the point to the answer of the question. Impacts also can include a source. Finally, impacts should include the wording of the question.
There are usually five basic patterns of organization: Chronological Order, Spatial Order, Casual Order, Problem-Solution Order or Topical Order. The vast majority of Extemporaneous speeches use Topical Order, which utilizes three points or areas of analysis, each containing two sub-points. Some arguments include three sub-points, in a specific structure: Theory, Application and Case Study.
The conclusion is an opportunity to summarize the speech and conclude, frequently referencing parts of the introduction.
- Question – A word-for-word restatement of the question.
- Answer – A restatement of the answer to the question.
- Review – A review of the two or three points or areas of analysis of the speech.
- Greater Context – The relevance of the question to greater trends in current affairs. Although this section is not utilized commonly, many Extemporaneous competitors discuss broader trends or the context surrounding the question, to try to increase the question’s significance.
- Attention Getter – A reference back to the Attention Getter. The same ‘vehicle’ or theme that was used to initially introduce the speech is used to conclude it as well.
- Interesting Closing Line – A clever or interesting closing line is frequently used to end the speech.
See you soon!
My number is 608-212-9987. Text of call with any last minute questions or concerns!